The Pre-workout Muscle Volumizing Stack!*
...Up The Volume!
The most complete, comprehensive creatine foundational supplement. You get a full daily dose of the most cutting-edge creatines, plus a shitload of other actives including NO boosters, cell volumizers, energy complex, antioxidantsâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎåÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´Ìàall in one convenient ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ÌàpackÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´åÇ. This baby's got it all.
"This stuff's great! Works within half an hour, not like your typical creatine supplement. Gives you a pump throughout your workout from beginning to end. Highly recommended for anyone who is serious about getting big and strong."
- Jimmy V.
The pump... It is the holy grail of bodybuilding. It is that most addictive of sensations that keeps gym rats hooked for life. It is euphoric and invigorating, an intense swelling of the muscle caused by a training-induced cascade of bloodâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎå¦ It is a rebirth experienced on each worthwhile trip to the gym. The pump is instant gratificationâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎå¦ An automatic reward for all of the blood, sweat and tears you spill on the gym floor. The pump is instantaneous growthâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎå¦ It is the immediate invigoration of dormant muscle fibers.
Serving Size: 1 Pack
Serving Per Container: 30 Packs
There are days, however, where no matter what you do, the pump is seemingly unattainableâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎå¦ Set after wasted set, you toil in vain. Nothing. Nada. Zilch. You yearn to be pumped and swole and instead you are beaten and weary. On other days, the pump is fleeting. As quickly as it arrives, it is goneâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎå¦ Leaving both your ego and your muscle bellies deflated. The disappointment in your inability to achieve and sustain the cherished pump is not merely due to the pleasure of a superficial physical response, but in the fact that an opportunity for new growth has been squandered. The pump ain't just for shits and giggles-it is crucial to getting big.
The pump is essential in the promotion of new muscle growth. With each pump-inducing rep, nutrient rich fluid and blood fills the working cells, engorging the muscle. This occurrence kick starts the anabolic process. The muscle cell walls are stretched and strained and practically bursting with fluid, this is called cell volumization. Assuming you are eating and supplementing properly, this fluid should be chock full of the kind of nourishing elements specifically designed to help you do the one thing you came here to doâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎå¦ Grow. This is where Animal Pump kicks down the door and goes to work.
Now ya know why you need the pump-that feeling of having your muscles fully engorged with blood is what drives a bodybuilder. Once the pump is there, fueling the muscles with the right nutrients is where optimal gains can be reached. Animal Pump is this fuel. Getting the right blend of nutrients is essential. Animal Pump has it all, from it's synergistic cutting edge creatine blend, NO Blast Complex, proprietary energy and concentration mix, down to it's cell protective antioxidant complex and specialized transport blend which shuttles the Pump to your starving muscles.
From a strength and muscle cell volumizing point of view, it gets no better than Animal Pump, because Pump is packed with a new school matrix of creatines-a full, daily dose. Bodybuilders have used creatine for a decade now with good results and over the years, science has brought more and more advanced forms of creatine to the fore. Creatine is a core, basic bodybuilding supplement and as such, Pump is a welcome addition to the Animal line.
When you perform a heavy set, intracellular ATP levels decrease. Creatine helps restore these ATP levels. But not just any old creatine will do the job; Animal Pump includes only the best. Taking creatine supplementation to the next level, Animal Pump combines Magnesium Creatine Chelate (MCC), a patented form of creatine, with the newest sensation Creatine Ethyl Ester (CEE) and proven Tri-Creatine Matrix (TCM) to deliver maximum benefits. This blend combats the creatine absorption issues and bloating of yesteryear, ensuring your creatine reaches your growing muscles and not the toilet bowl. Pump ensures that the ergogenic effects of creatine are maximized, eliminating any unwanted side effects and making the creatine non-responder of yesteryear an extinct species.
During an intense workout, one of the limiting factors of your muscular power and endurance is oxygen and the availability of oxygen-rich nutrients to muscle tissue. Our NO Blast Complex is a blend of compounds designed to combat this problem. Arginine AKG, Citrulline Malate and L-norvaline are combined to maximize nitric oxide release. From a bodybuilding point of view, this means incredible muscular pumps and a greater ability to funnel clean oxygen and nutrient-rich blood into your muscles. This results in optimal muscular fullness and cellular nutrient uptake and translates into what all bodybuilders crave-greater size gains.
Even if you are strong and pumped, how can you possibly tear the gym apart if you're energy deprived and lacking mental concentration? Daily life is filled with constant roadblocks that try to throw you off in the iron game. So when it comes to energy, Animal Pump has got your back. Animal Pump's Energy Rush Complex combines powerful methylxanthines along with evodiamine and vinpocentine to give you that energy boost that gets you fired up for training and the focus and mental acuity so vital to establishing the mind-muscle connection. These powerful substances reach deep into the muscle cell to provide long-lasting energy and power, thus delaying the onset of muscle fatigue. That performance and focus edge can be the difference between the physique of a weekend warrior and a top competitor.
We ain't done yet, broâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎå¦ Animal Pump incorporates a comprehensive antioxidant blend designed to protect your cells from the heavy onslaught of hardcore lifting. Heavy lifting leaves behind free radicals, which are damaging if left alone. Free radical production is also increased with enhanced nitric oxide release. We included the best antioxidants to make sure these free radicals are cleaned out leaving your immune system strong.
Last but certainly not least, a supreme nutrient transport complex, a blend of insulin boosters and absorption enhancers, ties the Animal Pump formula together. This complex efficiently and quickly draws all of these critical nutrients to your muscles. Insulin is especially important for channeling this powerful cutting edge blend into your muscle cells. Sugar-laden formulas of the past helped boost insulin levels, however they also added unnecessary carbohydrates.
With Animal Pump no carbs are needed for maximum insulin potentiating effects. Animal Pump's innovative insulin boosters can significantly enhance the pump, decrease lactic acid build up and rapidly saturate the muscle with cutting edge creatines and essential nutrients for growth. This is further amplified by specialized absorption enhancers, which ensure that Animal Pump's complexes are fully absorbed and transported to the muscles where they will be fully utilized.
The pump is an integral component to new muscle growth. It is literally the ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ÌàlifebloodÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´åÇ of your bodybuilding pursuits, giving meaning to monotonous training sessions and giving nourishment to your depleted muscle cells. Without the pump, you're going nowhereâÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ååÎå¦ Harness its power and the sky's the limit. If you wanna blow up, with seam-tearing, stretch-marking mass and personal record breaking strength, Animal Pump is your holy grail. It's the pump, in a pack.
• Competitive strength & power athletes
• Those looking to improve gym performance
• Athletes looking to prolong pump
• Off-season bodybuilders looking to add mass & strength
• Creatine non-responders
• Those who hate the creatine ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ÌàbloatÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´åÇ
back to top
To optimize the ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´ÌàpumpÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´åÇ use one pack 30 minutes before your workout. Do not consume any whole foods or protein shakes between your daily dose of Animal Pump and your training session. In order to maximize results, be sure to stay hydrated and prioritize the uptake of fluids before and during training.
back to top
Animal Pump can be taken year round, without cycling off. Like Animal Pak, Animal Flex and Animal Nitro/G, Pump is designed as a core or ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎå«Ì´Ìàfoundational supplementÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´ÌàÌÎÌ_Ì´åÇÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎÌ__ÌÎÌ_ÌÎ_ÌÎå«Ì´åÇ. For bigger gains, consider stacking Pump with Stak.
Brilla LR, Giroux MS, Taylor A, Knutzen KM. Magnesium-creatine supplementation effects on body water. Metabolism. 2003 Sep;52(9):1136-40.
Selsby JT, DiSilvestro RA, Devor ST. Mg2+-creatine chelate and a low-dose creatine supplementation regimen improve exercise performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2004 May;18(2):311-5.
Casey A, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Howell S, Hultman E, Greenhaff PL. Creatine ingestion favorably affects performance and muscle metabolism during maximal exercise in humans. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):E31-7.
Casey A, Greenhaff PL. Does dietary creatine supplementation play a role in skeletal muscle metabolism and performance? Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Aug;72(2 Suppl):607S-17S. Review.
Greenhaff PL, Casey A, Short AH, Harris R, Soderlund K, Hultman E. Influence of oral creatine supplementation of muscle torque during repeated bouts of maximal voluntary exercise in man. Clin Sci (Lond). 1993 May;84(5):565-71.
Kutz MR, Gunter MJ. Creatine monohydrate supplementation on body weight and percent body fat. J Strength Cond Res. 2003 Nov;17(4):817-21.
Rico-Sanz J, Mendez Marco MT. Creatine enhances oxygen uptake and performance during alternating intensity exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000 Feb;32(2):379-85.
Steenge GR, Lambourne J, Casey A, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL. Stimulatory effect of insulin on creatine accumulation in human skeletal muscle. Am J Physiol. 1998 Dec;275(6 Pt 1):E974-9.
Escobales N, Rivera-Correa M, Altieri PI, Rodriguez JF. Relationship between NO synthesis, arginine transport, and intracellular arginine levels in vascular smooth muscle cells. Amino Acids. 2000;19(2):451-68.
Kohli R, Meininger CJ, Haynes TE, Yan W, Self JT, Wu G. Dietary L-arginine supplementation enhances endothelial nitric oxide synthesis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. J Nutr. 2004 Mar;134(3):600-8.
Maxwell AJ, Ho HV, Le CQ, Lin PS, Bernstein D, Cooke JP. L-arginine enhances aerobic exercise capacity in association with augmented nitric oxide production. J Appl Physiol. 2001 Mar;90(3):933-8.
Schaefer A, Piquard F, Geny B, Doutreleau S, Lampert E, Mettauer B, Lonsdorfer J. L-arginine reduces exercise-induced increase in plasma lactate and ammonia. Int J Sports Med. 2002 Aug;23(6):403-7.
Paddon-Jones D, Borsheim E, Wolfe RR. Potential ergogenic effects of arginine and creatine supplementation. J Nutr. 2004 Oct;134(10 Suppl):2888S-2894S; discussion 2895S. Review.
Meneguello MO, Mendonca JR, Lancha AH Jr, Costa Rosa LF. Effect of arginine, ornithine and citrulline supplementation upon performance and metabolism of trained rats. Cell Biochem Funct. 2003 Mar;21(1):85-91.
Bucci LR, Hickson JF Jr, Wolinsky I, Pivarnik JM. Ornithine supplementation and insulin release in bodybuilders. Int J Sport Nutr. 1992 Sep;2(3):287-91.
Bendahan D, Mattei JP, Ghattas B, Confort-Gouny S, Le Guern ME, Cozzone PJ.
Citrulline/malate promotes aerobic energy production in human exercising muscle. Br J Sports Med. 2002 Aug;36(4):282-9.
Callis A, Magnan de Bornier B, Serrano JJ, Bellet H, Saumade R. Activity of citrulline malate on acid-base balance and blood ammonia and amino acid levels. Study in the animal and in man. Arzneimittelforschung. 1991 Jun;41(6):660-3.
Goubel F, Vanhoutte C, Allaf O, Verleye M, Gillardin JM. Citrulline malate limits increase in muscle fatigue induced by bacterial endotoxins. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1997 Mar;75(3):205-7.
Chan WK, Decker EA, Chow CK, Boissonneault GA. Effect of dietary carnosine on plasma and tissue antioxidant concentrations and on lipid oxidation in rat skeletal muscle. Lipids. 1994 Jul;29(7):461-6.
Mozdzan M, Szemraj J, Rysz J, Nowak D. Antioxidant properties of carnosine re-evaluated with oxidizing systems involving iron and copper ions. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2005 May;96(5):352-60.
Reddy VP, Garrett MR, Perry G, Smith MA. Carnosine: a versatile antioxidant and antiglycating agent. Sci Aging Knowledge Environ. 2005 May 4;2005(18):pe12.
Nikolic J, Bjelakovic G, Stojanovic I. Effect of caffeine on metabolism of L-arginine in the brain. Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Feb;244(1-2):125-8.
Greer F, Friars D, Graham TE. Comparison of caffeine and theophylline ingestion: exercise metabolism and endurance. J Appl Physiol. 2000 Nov;89(5):1837-44.
Kobayashi Y, Nakano Y, Kizaki M, Hoshikuma K, Yokoo Y, Kamiya T. Capsaicin-like anti-obese activities of evodiamine from fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa, a vanilloid receptor agonist. Planta Med. 2001 Oct;67(7):628-33.
McDaniel MA, Maier SF, Einstein GO. "Brain-specific" nutrients: a memory cure?
Nutrition. 2003 Nov-Dec;19(11-12):957-75. Review.
Imai K, Nakachi K. Cross sectional study of effects of drinking green tea on cardiovascular and liver diseases. BMJ. 1995 Mar 18;310(6981):693-6.
Burke DG, Chilibeck PD, Parise G, Tarnopolsky MA, Candow DG. Effect of alpha-lipoic acid combined with creatine monohydrate on human skeletal muscle creatine and phosphagen concentration. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2003 Sep;13(3):294-302.
Cakatay U, Kayali R, Sivas A, Tekeli F. Prooxidant activities of alpha-lipoic acid on oxidative protein damage in the aging rat heart muscle. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2005 May-Jun;40(3):231-40.
Lee WJ, Song KH, Koh EH, Won JC, Kim HS, Park HS, Kim MS, Kim SW, Lee KU, Park JY. Alpha-Lipoic acid increases insulin sensitivity by activating AMPK in skeletal muscle. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Jul 8;332(3):885-91.
Jacob S, Henriksen EJ, Schiemann AL, Simon I, Clancy DE, Tritschler HJ, Jung WI, Augustin HJ, Dietze GJ. Enhancement of glucose disposal in patients with type 2 diabetes by alpha-lipoic acid. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995 Aug;45(8):872-4.
Vinson JA, Proch J, Bose P. MegaNatural((R)) Gold Grapeseed Extract: In Vitro Antioxidant and In Vivo Human Supplementation Studies. J Med Food. 2001 Spring;4(1):17-26.
Sugisawa A, Inoue S, Umegaki K. Grape seed extract prevents H(2)O(2)-induced chromosomal damage in human lymphoblastoid cells. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004 Sep;27(9):1459-61.
Shi J, Yu J, Pohorly JE, Kakuda Y. Polyphenolics in grape seeds-biochemistry and functionality. J Med Food. 2003 Winter;6(4):291-9. Review.
Jayaprakasha GK, Ohnishi-Kameyama M, Ono H, Yoshida M, Jaganmohan Rao L. Phenolic constituents in the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum and their antioxidant activity. J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Mar 8;54(5):1672-9.
Qin B, Nagasaki M, Ren M, Bajotto G, Oshida Y, Sato Y.
Cinnamon extract prevents the insulin resistance induced by a high-fructose diet. Horm Metab Res. 2004 Feb;36(2):119-25.
Qin B, Nagasaki M, Ren M, Bajotto G, Oshida Y, Sato Y. Cinnamon extract (traditional herb) potentiates in vivo insulin-regulated glucose utilization via enhancing insulin signaling in rats. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2003 Dec;62(3):139-48.
Masuda Y, Kikuzaki H, Hisamoto M, Nakatani N. Antioxidant properties of gingerol related compounds from ginger. Biofactors. 2004;21(1-4):293-6.
Yamahara J, Huang QR, Li YH, Xu L, Fujimura H. Gastrointestinal motility enhancing effect of ginger and its active constituents. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1990 Feb;38(2):430-1.
Broca C, Breil V, Cruciani-Guglielmacci C, Manteghetti M, Rouault C, Derouet M, Rizkalla S, Pau B, Petit P, Ribes G, Ktorza A, Gross R, Reach G, Taouis M. Insulinotropic agent ID-1101 (4-hydroxyisoleucine) activates insulin signaling in rat. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Sep;287(3):E463-71. Epub 2004 Apr 13.
Broca C, Gross R, Petit P, Sauvaire Y, Manteghetti M, Tournier M, Masiello P, Gomis R, Ribes G. 4-Hydroxyisoleucine: experimental evidence of its insulinotropic and antidiabetic properties. Am J Physiol. 1999 Oct;277(4 Pt 1):E617-23.
Sauvaire Y, Petit P, Broca C, Manteghetti M, Baissac Y, Fernandez-Alvarez J, Gross R, Roye M, Leconte A, Gomis R, Ribes G. 4-Hydroxyisoleucine: a novel amino acid potentiator of insulin secretion. Diabetes. 1998 Feb;47(2):206-10.
Chun H, Shin DH, Hong BS, Cho WD, Cho HY, Yang HC. Biochemical properties of polysaccharides from black pepper. Biol Pharm Bull. 2002 Sep;25(9):1203-8.
Khajuria A, Thusu N, Zutshi U. Piperine modulates permeability characteristics of intestine by inducing alterations in membrane dynamics: influence on brush border membrane fluidity, ultrastructure and enzyme kinetics. Phytomedicine. 2002 Apr;9(3):224-31.